Herbs and Health including Cancer

HERBS

The most common advice offered to persons diagnosed with cancer is advice about food articles. This topic is also a frequent subject in the discussions of support groups.
The National Centre for Complimentary and Integrated Health(NCCIH) of U.S.A. presents the most authoriative status.Now the information is available as an ‘app’.
Downloading the app will empower the user to know the most scientific and uptodate information.
The following are the details of the ‘app’ and an example of TURMERIC as the type of information available.

HerbList App
Put an herb database in the palm of your hand
Download HerbList™ – NCCIH’s app for research-based information about the safety and effectiveness of herbal products.

Download the HerbList app today.

The herb info you need in an on-the-go package
HerbList gives you fast, free access to science-based summaries on more than 50 popular herbs, such as aloe, chamomile, ginger, and turmeric. Features include:
• Information on the herbs’ common names, history, and uses, plus what the science says about their effectiveness for health purposes
• Easy-to-find facts on potntial safety problems, side effects, and herb-drug interactions
• A quick way to select your favorites, so that you can talk about them later with your doctor or pharmacist
• The option to work offline! No Internet connection is required for in-app navigation.
Find out what the science says about popular herbs
Shopping for herbal products? Take your herb database with you to the supermarket or drugstore. With HerbList on your phone or tablet, you’ll have information on the science and safety of popular herbs at your fingertips when you need it most.
Get the facts about herbs from a trusted source—the National Institutes of Health. Download HerbList to your phone or tablet.

HerbList is a mark of the US Department of Health and Human Services.
Related Topics
• Herbs at a Glance
This page last modified June 21, 2018
Herbs at a Glance

© Steven Foster
Herbs at a Glance is a series of brief fact sheets that provides basic information about specific herbs or botanicals—common names, what the science says, potential side effects and cautions, and resources for more information.
• Acai
• Aloe Vera
• Asian Ginseng
• Astragalus
• Bilberry
• Bitter Orange
• Black Cohosh
• Bromelain
• Butterbur
• Cat’s Claw
• Chamomile
• Chasteberry
• Cinnamon
• Cranberry
• Dandelion
• Echinacea
• Ephedra
• European Elder
• European Mistletoe
• Evening Primrose Oil
• Fenugreek
• Feverfew
• Flaxseed and Flaxseed Oil
• Garcinia Cambogia
• Garlic
• Ginger
• Ginkgo
• Goldenseal
• Grape Seed Extract
• Green Tea
• Hawthorn
• Hoodia
• Horse Chestnut
• Kava
• Lavender
• Licorice Root
• Milk Thistle
• Noni
• Passionflower
• Peppermint Oil
• Pomegranate
• Red Clover
• Rhodiola
• Sage
• Saw Palmetto
• Soy
• St. John’s Wort
• Tea Tree Oil
• Thunder God Vine
• Turmeric
• Valerian
• Yohimbe

How might herbs interact with medicines?
Learn about herb-drug interactions.
FOR Each Herb, the following information is available:
• Background
• How Much Do We Know?
• What Have We Learned?
• What Do We Know About Safety?
• Keep in Mind
• For More Information
• Key References
An example;
Turmeric
TURMERIC

© Steven Foster
________________________________________
This fact sheet provides basic information about turmeric—common names, usefulness and safety, and resources for more information.
Common Names: turmeric, turmeric root, Indian saffron
Latin Name: Curcuma aromatica, Curcuma domestica, Curcuma longa
Background
• Turmeric, a plant related to ginger, is grown throughout India, other parts of Asia, and Central America. Javanese turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiz) is a different plant and not discussed in this fact sheet.
• Historically, turmeric has been used in Ayurvedic medicine, primarily in South Asia, for many conditions, including breathing problems, rheumatism, serious pain, and fatigue.
• Today, turmeric is used as a dietary supplement for inflammation; arthritis; stomach, skin, liver, and gallbladder problems; cancer; and other conditions.
• Turmeric is a common spice and a major ingredient in curry powder. Its primary active ingredients, curcuminoids, are yellow and used to color foods and cosmetics.
• Turmeric’s underground stems (rhizomes) are dried and made into capsules, tablets, teas, or extracts. Turmeric powder is also made into a paste for skin conditions.
How Much Do We Know?
• We have a lot of research, including studies done in people, on turmeric for a variety of health conditions.
What Have We Learned?
• Claims that curcuminoids found in turmeric help to reduce inflammation aren’t supported by strong studies.
• Preliminary studies found that curcuminoids may
o Reduce the number of heart attacks bypass patients had after surgery
o Control knee pain from osteoarthritis as well as ibuprofen did
o Reduce the skin irritation that often occurs after radiation treatments for breast cancer.
• Other preliminary studies in people have looked at curcumin, a type of curcuminoid, for different cancers, colitis, diabetes, surgical pain, and as an ingredient in mouthwash for reducing plaque.
• The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) has studied curcumin for Alzheimer’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and prostate and colon cancer.
What Do We Know About Safety?
• Turmeric in amounts tested for health purposes is generally considered safe when taken by mouth or applied to the skin.
• High doses or long-term use of turmeric may cause gastrointestinal problems.
Keep in Mind
• Tell all your health care providers about any complementary or integrative health approaches you use. Give them a full picture of what you do to manage your health. This will help ensure coordinated and safe care.
For More Information
• Using Dietary Supplements Wisely
• Know the Science: How Medications and Supplements Can Interact
• Know the Science: 9 Questions To Help You Make Sense of Health Research
NCCIH Clearinghouse
The NCCIH Clearinghouse provides information on NCCIH and complementary and integrative health approaches, including publications and searches of Federal databases of scientific and medical literature. The Clearinghouse does not provide medical advice, treatment recommendations, or referrals to practitioners.
Toll-free in the U.S.:
1-888-644-6226
TTY (for deaf and hard-of-hearing callers):
1-866-464-3615
Web site:
nccih.nih.gov
E-mail:
info@nccih.nih.gov (link sends e-mail)
PubMed®
A service of the National Library of Medicine, PubMed® contains publication information and (in most cases) brief summaries of articles from scientific and medical journals. For guidance from NCCIH on using PubMed, see How To Find Information About Complementary Health Approaches on PubMed.
Web site:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS), National Institutes of Health (NIH)
ODS seeks to strengthen knowledge and understanding of dietary supplements by evaluating scientific information, supporting research, sharing research results, and educating the public. Its resources include publications (such as Dietary Supplements: What You Need to Know), fact sheets on a variety of specific supplement ingredients and products (such as vitamin D and multivitamin/mineral supplements), and the PubMed Dietary Supplement Subset

Web site:

ods.od.nih.gov
E-mail:
ods@nih.gov (link sends e-mail)
Key References
• Di Lorenzo C, Dell’Agli M, Badea M, et al. Plant food supplements with anti-inflammatory properties: a systematic review (II). Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2013;53(5):507-516.
• Funk JL. Turmeric. In: Coates PM, Betz JM, Blackman MR, et al., eds. Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Informa Healthcare; 2010.
• Garg SK, Ahuja V, Sankar MJ, et al. Curcumin for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2012;(10):CD008424. Accessed at http://www.thecochranelibrary.com (link is external) on April 13, 2015.
• Meng B, Li J, Cao H. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of curcumin on diabetes mellitus and its complications. Current Pharmaceutical Design. 2013;19(11):2101-2113.
• Ryan JL, Heckler CE, Ling M, et al. Curcumin for radiation dermatitis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of thirty breast cancer patients. Radiation Research. 2013;180(1):34-43.
• Turmeric. Natural Medicines Web site. Accessed at naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/ on April 13, 2015. [Database subscription].
• Wongcharoen W, Jai-Aue S, Phrommintikul A, et al. Effects of curcuminoids on frequency of acute myocardial infarction after coronary artery bypass grafting. American Journal of Cardiology. 2012;110(1):40-44.
This publication is not copyrighted and is in the public domain. Duplication is encouraged.
NCCIH has provided this material for your information. It is not intended to substitute for the medical expertise and advice of your primary health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any decisions about treatment or care with your health care provider. The mention of any product, service, or therapy is not an endorsement by NCCIH.
* Note: PDF files require a viewer such as the free Adobe Reader (link is external).
NCCIH Publication No.:
D367
Updated:
September 2016

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